অনেকান্ত সাহিত্যতত্ত্ব Anekanta Sahityatattva

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Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

দেবপ্রসাদ বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়

 Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata

2001.”অনেকান্ত সাহিত্যতত্ত্ব “. (The Theory of Plural Interpretation of Literary Texts, A Bilingual Publication) Kolkata: Alochona Chakra. ISBN 81-900930-0-2

Abstract: 
The author of this book had deployed the Jaina anekantavada (theory of many perspectives) as well as syadvada (syat= somehow/may be/ probably) as a method. In case of literary theory as well as linguistic theory, the author had utilized this pluralistic methodology, which inaugurated the simultaneous cohabitation of many possibilities in contrast with the Law of excluded middle. This book was a collection of English and Bangla papers published in the mid eighties. Papers were on the pluralistic interpretations/anekanta understanding of literary texts by Ramprasad Sen, Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay, Sudhin Dutta, Samares Basu, Loknath Bhattacharya, Miroslav Holub, Sandipan Chattopadhyay Utpal Dutta, Rabindranath Tagore and a anthropological field text of Ashutosh Bhattachary on Verrier Elwin. There are also two papers on “Death of Reader”-hypothesis and on the literary theory of Abu Sayeed Ayyub, who discussed rhetorical theories of Kuntaka’s Vakroktijivita with Paul Valéry’s pendulum (on the form-content polemic) and Sartre’s concept of literature. The author extended Ayyub’s hypothesis with major changes. The whole book avoided structural stylistic and statistical interruptions of texts with critical attitude. 

BRIEF HISTORY OF ANEKANTA METHOD
What the author was paraphrasing here was nothing but the re-reading of Jaina Philosophy by Krishnachandra Bhathacharya (1925) and Kalidas Bhattacharya(1982) in the context of Philosophy It was a response from the colonized domain against the monolithic enlightenment project of the colonizers. This imagination of plurality, or one might call, following Krishnachandra Bhattacharya, the concept of alternity, as a response to the singularity of enlightenment-project as imposed by the colonizers in the realm of academiocracy. Thus this book was also related to the problems of political philosophy.

The author of this collection wished to switch over from the derivative nation statist space to the epistemological space. Did the colonized had no imagination at the level of epistemology? This question inaugurated the question of “rem(a)inder” (in Lacanian sense of the term) in the context of colonial subjectivity, which, though destroyed by the imagined symbolic order, constructed its own imaginative “real(-ity)” as rem(a)inder through a negation of nationalism (Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore) and by introducing anekanta (theory of many perspectives) alternity ( Krishnachandra Bhattacharya and Kalidas Bhattacharya in Philosophy; Abu Sayeed Ayyub, Buddhadeb Basu and Sudhindranath Dutta in Bangla literary criticism and translation theory; P.C. Mahalanabis and J.B.S. Haldane in Statistics and natural sciences. All of them deployed anekanta-theory in their respective fields).

 

Number of Pages in PDF File: 85

Keywords: anekantavada, theory of alternity, death of readers,Kuntaka’s Vakroktijivita,Valéry’s pendulum, post-structuralism, colonialism

About Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

Debaprasad Bandyopdhyay (b. 1965), through his 25 years journey in the realm of institutionalized academics did 27 different types of works, which are someway different from the earlier paradigms or, one might say that those works are not only mere reproductions of his inherited institutionalized cultural capital or a mimicry of a colonially imposed model that leads to intellectual anorexia or rather a type falsification of earlier paradigms. However, that might be not only a lofty claim but it also hid the fact that all our information and knowledge are socially accumulated knowledge that was, it is matter of regret, posed as private property through the sign © and the wisdom is rarely available. Bandyopadhyay’s works and projects are the products of his social milieu. Bandyopadhyay is a local sub-altern public sphere academician, who avoids the technical intelligentsia (followers of Sahib’s models and they are not committed to the persons who are accommodating surplus work-time to them by performing surplus labour) or inorganic intellectuals and thus fails to be a part of academic tribe and its subsequent socialization process. Of course, that socialization process does not lead to legendary Socratic dialogue. He is also a political activist though he has not affiliated to any political parties as he was always talking about the corporatization of political parties within the money-sign-based democratic system. He is a regular participant in TV and radio talk-shows and documentary films, street-corners’ talks and International seminars on socio-political, psychological, linguistic, environmental and economic issues. He also writes editorial columns in newspapers. He is also a part of parallel academics as it is found in West Bengal’s Little Magazine Movement, though that was not counted as the part his academic pursuit by his parent institute. His parent institute justifiably does not believe in the domain of parallel academics as this unorganized sector does not directly contribute in the transactions of formal/organized print capitalist eco-enemy paper-publication. Though the dissemination of knowledge is also observed in this space of these parallel academics as all these writings in public sphere simultaneously influence the classroom-discourse and some of them are translated into English, French and Italian. Not only that, Bandyopadhyay also sought engagement with the people, who, by supplying their surplus labour, are sustaining his livelihood. Bandyopadhyay, a linguist by training and a Ph.D.-holder (1996), a junior lecturer (1999-2011) in an autonomous central government institute in India, tries his best for those from he has received and is receiving the manifestation of surplus labour by executing some self-funded projects on economic issues in West Bengal, India. Recently he has got a consolation promotion to the post of Assistant Professor. He has done following 27 research works: 1. Crippled Creativity: An inquiry into language, psyche, society: 2. VALENCY OF BANGLA VERB AND PROBLEM OF COMPOUND VERBS: 3. Archaeology of Bangla Grammar : 4. CAN COMPUTER SPEAK? 5. FUZZY LOGICAL EXPRESSION IN BANGLA : 6. FOLKLORE AND FOLK-LANGUAGE: MYTH OR REALITY? 7. HISTORICISM IN THE DISCOURSE OF BANGLA LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 8. ABHABA, ECP, DELETION AND TRACE 9. SVATVA OR MY-NESS AND ECONOMIC ENTITLEMEMT 10. TRANSLATION STUDIES 11. MASCULINITY STUDIES 12. YAYATI & BABAR COMPLEX 13. SOCIO-ECONOMIC SURVEYS IN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY IN WEST BENGAL 14. CONCEPT OF BODY IN INDIAN PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE 15. THE CONCEPT OF ERROR (KHYATI) IN MAD-(WO)MEN’S LANGUAGE 16. THE CONCEPT OF PERCEPTUAL TIME AND GRAMMATICAL TIME IN BANGLA 17. BANGLA CALLIGRAPHY, LANGUAGE ART AND LINGUISTIC PEDAGOGY 18. WO(L)D SPACES: NON-EXISTENCE OF WORDS 19. ANEKANTA METHODS 20. SILENCEME: SILENT OTHER IN LINGUISTICS 21. IMAGINED BOUDARIES AND PRE-COLONIAL INDIAN IMAGI-NATION 22. MAKING OF THE INDIAN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 23. SEGMENTING THE SUPRASEGMENTALS : MUSICKING IN SPEAKING 24. INTERPRETING GENETIC STRUCTURE BY DEPLOYING LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE 25. GLOTTOPOLITICS OF LINGUISTIC SUBALTERNITY OR AN AGENDA FOR PLANNING FROM BELOW 26. SEMIOTICS OF PHOTOGRAPHY 27. SOCIOLOGY OF CONTEMPORARY ACADEMICS
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