“বাংলা ক্রিয়ার যোজ্যতা ও যৌগিক ক্রিয়ার সমস্যা [Valency of Bangla Verb and Problem of Compounding]”

“বাংলা ক্রিয়ার যোজ্যতা ও যৌগিক ক্রিয়ার সমস্যা [Valency of Bangla Verb and Problem of Compounding]”

Download.pdf Download (.pdf)

Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

দেবপ্রসাদ বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়

 Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata*

Abstract:
This paper is on the Bangla verb type and especially on compound verbs, the rule of selectional restrictions of which is discussed here. The purpose of this paper is to ‘describe’ to understand the ontology of each Bangla Verbs (BV) type by drawing its factual existence in the world of Bangla discourse. There are four sections in this paper. Section-I is on the order of the Bangla Verb in a sentence. In the Section-II, predictability of Bangla simple sentence by identifying the verb is depicted. Verbs with one Participating Entities (PE) is a 0-group verb; if there are two PEs, the verb has the valency 1; and if there is more than 2 PEs, the verb will have valency 3. The valency of each verb can project the sentence-schemata. The further specifications (Functional Category, Theta-role, Case-marker, and Animacy of each PE in a given sentence) are to be predicted through this system of valency-scale. This scale also can derive the structure of the causative construction, as there is a one to one correspondence among non-causative, first causative and second causative base. Furthermore, this scale also solves the vital problem of identifying compound verb in a Bangla sentences. Section-III is on the different possibilities of Bangla Verb-combinations. Section-IV is on the rules for these combinations (particularly Compound Verbs, CV).

In Bangla, more than one verb sequences are as follows: (1) V infl. te and modals (Dasgupta, Dhongde & Rajendran in the context of Bangla, Marathi and Tamil respectively, 1981) (2) V infi. e and vectors (Dasgupta l977 and 1989). These are generally called Compound Verbs. Matching of pole and vector gives a new meaning to the compound formation. (3) infinitives with the suffix -e and verbs. These are called conjunctives. (4) V infl.le and modals: Hypothetical sentences. (5) V infl.A and vectors: Lexicalized Compound Verb in impersonal passive construction. Beside these four types of constructions, there is another type of construction called Composite Verb Construction (Dasgupta, M. 1990) where a type of unique morpheme is created by juxtaposing noun, adjective and postposition with a selective list of verbs. This paper concentrates on the rules behind the construction of pole-vector sequences (i.e. the compound verbs).There is a valency-harmony in between pole, though vector and even a vector can reduce the valency of the pole. This ‘harmonization’ between pole and vector is semantically determined by the valency scale, if and only one can subdivide every valency according to the pressure of semantic features like PE, Volitionality, kinesis of action, Individuatedness of the agent-affected or object-affected etc. Though Dasgupta (1977,1989) discussed some ad hoc rules at a length, though he himself admitted that there are some ‘cloudy area’. This cloudy area can only be removed by the multi-nary valency system. Considering every verb as a being, every pole-verb has to compensate their existential ‘lack’ by taking anyone from the selected list of vectors. Suppose there is a group of features f1, f2….fn, which verbs have contained within their existence these features are volitioality, kinesis of action, Indlvidua¬tedness of the Agent-affected or object-affected and so on. However, not all the verbs have all the characteristics. The pole selects its counterpart according to its need.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 10

Keywords: Valency, Pole-Vector, transitivity-pendulum, karmakatva, abhaba (absence)

About Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

Debaprasad Bandyopdhyay (b. 1965), through his 25 years journey in the realm of institutionalized academics did 27 different types of works, which are someway different from the earlier paradigms or, one might say that those works are not only mere reproductions of his inherited institutionalized cultural capital or a mimicry of a colonially imposed model that leads to intellectual anorexia or rather a type falsification of earlier paradigms. However, that might be not only a lofty claim but it also hid the fact that all our information and knowledge are socially accumulated knowledge that was, it is matter of regret, posed as private property through the sign © and the wisdom is rarely available. Bandyopadhyay’s works and projects are the products of his social milieu. Bandyopadhyay is a local sub-altern public sphere academician, who avoids the technical intelligentsia (followers of Sahib’s models and they are not committed to the persons who are accommodating surplus work-time to them by performing surplus labour) or inorganic intellectuals and thus fails to be a part of academic tribe and its subsequent socialization process. Of course, that socialization process does not lead to legendary Socratic dialogue. He is also a political activist though he has not affiliated to any political parties as he was always talking about the corporatization of political parties within the money-sign-based democratic system. He is a regular participant in TV and radio talk-shows and documentary films, street-corners’ talks and International seminars on socio-political, psychological, linguistic, environmental and economic issues. He also writes editorial columns in newspapers. He is also a part of parallel academics as it is found in West Bengal’s Little Magazine Movement, though that was not counted as the part his academic pursuit by his parent institute. His parent institute justifiably does not believe in the domain of parallel academics as this unorganized sector does not directly contribute in the transactions of formal/organized print capitalist eco-enemy paper-publication. Though the dissemination of knowledge is also observed in this space of these parallel academics as all these writings in public sphere simultaneously influence the classroom-discourse and some of them are translated into English, French and Italian. Not only that, Bandyopadhyay also sought engagement with the people, who, by supplying their surplus labour, are sustaining his livelihood. Bandyopadhyay, a linguist by training and a Ph.D.-holder (1996), a junior lecturer (1999-2011) in an autonomous central government institute in India, tries his best for those from he has received and is receiving the manifestation of surplus labour by executing some self-funded projects on economic issues in West Bengal, India. Recently he has got a consolation promotion to the post of Assistant Professor. He has done following 27 research works: 1. Crippled Creativity: An inquiry into language, psyche, society: 2. VALENCY OF BANGLA VERB AND PROBLEM OF COMPOUND VERBS: 3. Archaeology of Bangla Grammar : 4. CAN COMPUTER SPEAK? 5. FUZZY LOGICAL EXPRESSION IN BANGLA : 6. FOLKLORE AND FOLK-LANGUAGE: MYTH OR REALITY? 7. HISTORICISM IN THE DISCOURSE OF BANGLA LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 8. ABHABA, ECP, DELETION AND TRACE 9. SVATVA OR MY-NESS AND ECONOMIC ENTITLEMEMT 10. TRANSLATION STUDIES 11. MASCULINITY STUDIES 12. YAYATI & BABAR COMPLEX 13. SOCIO-ECONOMIC SURVEYS IN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY IN WEST BENGAL 14. CONCEPT OF BODY IN INDIAN PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE 15. THE CONCEPT OF ERROR (KHYATI) IN MAD-(WO)MEN’S LANGUAGE 16. THE CONCEPT OF PERCEPTUAL TIME AND GRAMMATICAL TIME IN BANGLA 17. BANGLA CALLIGRAPHY, LANGUAGE ART AND LINGUISTIC PEDAGOGY 18. WO(L)D SPACES: NON-EXISTENCE OF WORDS 19. ANEKANTA METHODS 20. SILENCEME: SILENT OTHER IN LINGUISTICS 21. IMAGINED BOUDARIES AND PRE-COLONIAL INDIAN IMAGI-NATION 22. MAKING OF THE INDIAN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 23. SEGMENTING THE SUPRASEGMENTALS : MUSICKING IN SPEAKING 24. INTERPRETING GENETIC STRUCTURE BY DEPLOYING LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE 25. GLOTTOPOLITICS OF LINGUISTIC SUBALTERNITY OR AN AGENDA FOR PLANNING FROM BELOW 26. SEMIOTICS OF PHOTOGRAPHY 27. SOCIOLOGY OF CONTEMPORARY ACADEMICS
This entry was posted in Academic Papers & Books and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to “বাংলা ক্রিয়ার যোজ্যতা ও যৌগিক ক্রিয়ার সমস্যা [Valency of Bangla Verb and Problem of Compounding]”

  1. click here says:

    I was basically curious about if you ever thought of adjusting the layout of your website? It is well written; I enjoy what you have got to state. But maybe you could include a little more in the way of content so people could connect to it better. Youve got a great deal of wording for only having one or two graphics. Maybe you could space it out better?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s