What’s after Third Revolution in Linguistics? বিদ্যাচর্চা ও ভাষাতত্ত্বের তৃতীয় বিপ্লব

Sibansu Mukhopadhyay

Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

দেবপ্রসাদ বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়

 Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata

Alochona Chakra XXIII (pp. 129-160) Kolkata, R.N. 69543/87, 2006 

Abstract: 
Though, in the history of linguistic science, a continuity is assumed to consider General Grammar, Philology and Linguistics as a progressive development of study of language as object, there are epistemological breaks among General Grammar, Philology and Linguistics. And in Linguistics, there are three distinct thresholds: first initiated by Saussure, then Chomsky and the last one is Derrida’s Grammmatology. This conversational paper deals with the problems of executing linguistics as a “scientific” discipline in the so-called local context. One local academician, Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay was interviewed by Sibanshu Mukhopadhyay in his mother-tongue. The following topics were discussed. A. Psi-properties: Ideal speaker-hearer is a myth. LAD is always contaminated by outside sociality. It describes the correlation between empty linguistic organism and human malleability. Bandyopadhyay calls this interface as psi or psycho-social property. B. Archaeology: B1.Grammar: The discursive formation of Bangla Grammar follows the order of non-discursive form of social hierarchy, taxonomy and dividing practices and appropriation of grammatical discourse under the colonial rule in Bengal. B2. Folklore: Bandyopadhyay was discussing the illegitimacy of Folklore and Anthropology as these subjects reflect colonial pedagogy and they surrogate History and Sociology. B3. Bangla Language and Literature: This is primarily questioning on the origin birth genesis of a language Bangla, revealed in the discursive formation of subject, The History of Bangla Language and Literature, written in the colonial and post-colonial period. C. Computational Linguistics: The status of COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS is questioned here from four perspectives: from the standpoints of (a) Philosophy of science, (b) Natural Science (mismatch between human Cognitive domain and machine algorithms) (c) Social Science (Plurilingual Planning), (d) Algocentricism (in contrast with post-formal subjective and substantive task of Linguistics).D. Language Movements: The main objectives of this discussion are:(a) To understand the nature of the language movements as either cohesive or divisive forces, or as self-deterministic forces aiming at socio-economic decentralization.(b) To understand the characteristics of movement-prone zones and linguistically deprived areas in the formation of nation state. E. Syntax: E1. ECP, Deletion and Trace-phenomena as proposed by Noam Chomsky are reinterpreted on the basis of Nyaya Vaisesika category “abhava” (absence). This reinterpretation helps to understand the semantico-pragmatic content of deletion-erasure phenomena. E2. VALENCY OF BANGLA VERB AND THE PROBLEM OF COMPOUNDING: This paper is on the Bangla verb type and especially on compound verbs, the selectional restrictions rule of which is discussed here. F. Word: To Bandyopadhyay, “word” is a culture-specific concept, which has only visual representation. If word is defined as a something (visual figure) in between two (white) spaces (grounds), the boundaries of word depend on the particular community’s way of manipulating blank spaces. G. Genetics: The symbolic sequences of the exons that make human proteins are subjected to methods of statistical linguistics. H. Anekanta Method: The Jaina anekantavada(theory of plural perspectives) as well as syadvada as the methodological standpoint occurs in the discussion. I. Silenceme: Bandyopadhyay proposes this term as the answer to the main topic of the discussion “What’s After Third Revolution in Linguistics?” following Wittgenstein and it is an inquiry into the domain of what is unspeakable and what is unspoken or non-discursive sonority. J. Bangla Intonation pattern: It tries to discuss about and to explore the intonation pattern.

 

Note: Downloadable document is in Bengali.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 18

Keywords: Crippled Creativity, Psi-properties, Epistemological Amalgamation, allocurriculeme, triglossia, n-glossia, Anti-Grammar (=GrammEr), de-sign, de-sign-ate, de-sign-ation, Schrodinger’s cat problem in archaeology, Pendulum of transitivity scale, Algocentric Discourse, Electronic Capitalism, reverse

About Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

Debaprasad Bandyopdhyay (b. 1965), through his 25 years journey in the realm of institutionalized academics did 27 different types of works, which are someway different from the earlier paradigms or, one might say that those works are not only mere reproductions of his inherited institutionalized cultural capital or a mimicry of a colonially imposed model that leads to intellectual anorexia or rather a type falsification of earlier paradigms. However, that might be not only a lofty claim but it also hid the fact that all our information and knowledge are socially accumulated knowledge that was, it is matter of regret, posed as private property through the sign © and the wisdom is rarely available. Bandyopadhyay’s works and projects are the products of his social milieu. Bandyopadhyay is a local sub-altern public sphere academician, who avoids the technical intelligentsia (followers of Sahib’s models and they are not committed to the persons who are accommodating surplus work-time to them by performing surplus labour) or inorganic intellectuals and thus fails to be a part of academic tribe and its subsequent socialization process. Of course, that socialization process does not lead to legendary Socratic dialogue. He is also a political activist though he has not affiliated to any political parties as he was always talking about the corporatization of political parties within the money-sign-based democratic system. He is a regular participant in TV and radio talk-shows and documentary films, street-corners’ talks and International seminars on socio-political, psychological, linguistic, environmental and economic issues. He also writes editorial columns in newspapers. He is also a part of parallel academics as it is found in West Bengal’s Little Magazine Movement, though that was not counted as the part his academic pursuit by his parent institute. His parent institute justifiably does not believe in the domain of parallel academics as this unorganized sector does not directly contribute in the transactions of formal/organized print capitalist eco-enemy paper-publication. Though the dissemination of knowledge is also observed in this space of these parallel academics as all these writings in public sphere simultaneously influence the classroom-discourse and some of them are translated into English, French and Italian. Not only that, Bandyopadhyay also sought engagement with the people, who, by supplying their surplus labour, are sustaining his livelihood. Bandyopadhyay, a linguist by training and a Ph.D.-holder (1996), a junior lecturer (1999-2011) in an autonomous central government institute in India, tries his best for those from he has received and is receiving the manifestation of surplus labour by executing some self-funded projects on economic issues in West Bengal, India. Recently he has got a consolation promotion to the post of Assistant Professor. He has done following 27 research works: 1. Crippled Creativity: An inquiry into language, psyche, society: 2. VALENCY OF BANGLA VERB AND PROBLEM OF COMPOUND VERBS: 3. Archaeology of Bangla Grammar : 4. CAN COMPUTER SPEAK? 5. FUZZY LOGICAL EXPRESSION IN BANGLA : 6. FOLKLORE AND FOLK-LANGUAGE: MYTH OR REALITY? 7. HISTORICISM IN THE DISCOURSE OF BANGLA LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 8. ABHABA, ECP, DELETION AND TRACE 9. SVATVA OR MY-NESS AND ECONOMIC ENTITLEMEMT 10. TRANSLATION STUDIES 11. MASCULINITY STUDIES 12. YAYATI & BABAR COMPLEX 13. SOCIO-ECONOMIC SURVEYS IN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY IN WEST BENGAL 14. CONCEPT OF BODY IN INDIAN PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE 15. THE CONCEPT OF ERROR (KHYATI) IN MAD-(WO)MEN’S LANGUAGE 16. THE CONCEPT OF PERCEPTUAL TIME AND GRAMMATICAL TIME IN BANGLA 17. BANGLA CALLIGRAPHY, LANGUAGE ART AND LINGUISTIC PEDAGOGY 18. WO(L)D SPACES: NON-EXISTENCE OF WORDS 19. ANEKANTA METHODS 20. SILENCEME: SILENT OTHER IN LINGUISTICS 21. IMAGINED BOUDARIES AND PRE-COLONIAL INDIAN IMAGI-NATION 22. MAKING OF THE INDIAN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 23. SEGMENTING THE SUPRASEGMENTALS : MUSICKING IN SPEAKING 24. INTERPRETING GENETIC STRUCTURE BY DEPLOYING LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE 25. GLOTTOPOLITICS OF LINGUISTIC SUBALTERNITY OR AN AGENDA FOR PLANNING FROM BELOW 26. SEMIOTICS OF PHOTOGRAPHY 27. SOCIOLOGY OF CONTEMPORARY ACADEMICS
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