“এই যে আমার ভাষার রক্তাক্ত শরীর: ব্যাকরণ” (This is the Blooded Body of My Language: Grammar)

Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

দেবপ্রসাদ বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়


Indian Statistical Institute

March 30, 2006

“ eY je amar bhaSar rOktakto Sorir: bEkaron.” (This Is The Blooded Body Of My Language: Grammar ) Prasanga Bangla Byakaran 2 A Collection of Articles on Bengali Grammar. Bangla Academy, Govt. of West Bengal, Kolkata. (pp.112-146) ISBN: 81-7751-137-8 

Abstract: 
At the end of 19 C, there was an epidemic demand for autonomous grammar for newly born nation state: Bangla. Though there was a demand from the nationalist elite, there was also an anti-epistemic critical parody of this demand. In this first section of this paper on the Socio-history of Bangla grammar, this anti-epistemic concept of Anti-Grammar was described by showing instances from Bangla literature. The literary works of Sukumar Roy (the play “bhabuk SObha” and the narrative “HO jO bO rO lO”), Rabindranath Tagore( in the essay “ SoNgit o bhab” and in “SObdotOtto”), D. L. Roy ( The role of a relief character Katyayana in the play “cOdrogupto”) and Satinath Bhaduri ( in his short story “boYakOron”) were cited. Taking cue from these instances, this paper sets its goals. The rationale of this paper is to understand (a) the goal/ purpose of writing grammar and vyakarana in different spaces and times; (b) how the order of things /categoremes/ taxonomies of grammar/ vyakarana is controlled/approximated/ appropriated by the social/ institutional order of things. This paper describes the advent of sabdanusasana (“governance of word” as depicted by Patanjali, i.e., the question of governmentality is crucial here) in the Vedic era was motivated by the then caste-system as all the grammarians tried to protect an engineered language (Sanskrit) by deploying fragmented rules so that that protected language would not be contaminated by the language of lower caste. In the colonial period in Bengal, the concepts of grammar, Philology, and vyakarana were amalgamated in the textbooks of school grammars. At that time, grammar of one selected language was utilized to colonize the captive speakers of defeated languages (so called ‘dialects’). Author, at the same time, also describes the reception of Philology as a discipline (where arbitrary signs are endowed with evolutionary deterministic “law”) by the colonized. Thus, this paper tries to capture many imaginary moments of linguistic nation state and on the other hand, it shows the fragmentation/ disintegration of “my” (speaking subject’s my-ness rather than that of I-ness) gestalt perception of “language”. The formalist and statist deployment of grammatical tools dissect the body of “my language” and that is governmentality.

 

Note: Downloadable document is in Hindi.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 19

Keywords: Anti-Grammar, Grammar, Epistemological Amalgamation, Categoremes

About Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

Debaprasad Bandyopdhyay (b. 1965), through his 25 years journey in the realm of institutionalized academics did 27 different types of works, which are someway different from the earlier paradigms or, one might say that those works are not only mere reproductions of his inherited institutionalized cultural capital or a mimicry of a colonially imposed model that leads to intellectual anorexia or rather a type falsification of earlier paradigms. However, that might be not only a lofty claim but it also hid the fact that all our information and knowledge are socially accumulated knowledge that was, it is matter of regret, posed as private property through the sign © and the wisdom is rarely available. Bandyopadhyay’s works and projects are the products of his social milieu. Bandyopadhyay is a local sub-altern public sphere academician, who avoids the technical intelligentsia (followers of Sahib’s models and they are not committed to the persons who are accommodating surplus work-time to them by performing surplus labour) or inorganic intellectuals and thus fails to be a part of academic tribe and its subsequent socialization process. Of course, that socialization process does not lead to legendary Socratic dialogue. He is also a political activist though he has not affiliated to any political parties as he was always talking about the corporatization of political parties within the money-sign-based democratic system. He is a regular participant in TV and radio talk-shows and documentary films, street-corners’ talks and International seminars on socio-political, psychological, linguistic, environmental and economic issues. He also writes editorial columns in newspapers. He is also a part of parallel academics as it is found in West Bengal’s Little Magazine Movement, though that was not counted as the part his academic pursuit by his parent institute. His parent institute justifiably does not believe in the domain of parallel academics as this unorganized sector does not directly contribute in the transactions of formal/organized print capitalist eco-enemy paper-publication. Though the dissemination of knowledge is also observed in this space of these parallel academics as all these writings in public sphere simultaneously influence the classroom-discourse and some of them are translated into English, French and Italian. Not only that, Bandyopadhyay also sought engagement with the people, who, by supplying their surplus labour, are sustaining his livelihood. Bandyopadhyay, a linguist by training and a Ph.D.-holder (1996), a junior lecturer (1999-2011) in an autonomous central government institute in India, tries his best for those from he has received and is receiving the manifestation of surplus labour by executing some self-funded projects on economic issues in West Bengal, India. Recently he has got a consolation promotion to the post of Assistant Professor. He has done following 27 research works: 1. Crippled Creativity: An inquiry into language, psyche, society: 2. VALENCY OF BANGLA VERB AND PROBLEM OF COMPOUND VERBS: 3. Archaeology of Bangla Grammar : 4. CAN COMPUTER SPEAK? 5. FUZZY LOGICAL EXPRESSION IN BANGLA : 6. FOLKLORE AND FOLK-LANGUAGE: MYTH OR REALITY? 7. HISTORICISM IN THE DISCOURSE OF BANGLA LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 8. ABHABA, ECP, DELETION AND TRACE 9. SVATVA OR MY-NESS AND ECONOMIC ENTITLEMEMT 10. TRANSLATION STUDIES 11. MASCULINITY STUDIES 12. YAYATI & BABAR COMPLEX 13. SOCIO-ECONOMIC SURVEYS IN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY IN WEST BENGAL 14. CONCEPT OF BODY IN INDIAN PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE 15. THE CONCEPT OF ERROR (KHYATI) IN MAD-(WO)MEN’S LANGUAGE 16. THE CONCEPT OF PERCEPTUAL TIME AND GRAMMATICAL TIME IN BANGLA 17. BANGLA CALLIGRAPHY, LANGUAGE ART AND LINGUISTIC PEDAGOGY 18. WO(L)D SPACES: NON-EXISTENCE OF WORDS 19. ANEKANTA METHODS 20. SILENCEME: SILENT OTHER IN LINGUISTICS 21. IMAGINED BOUDARIES AND PRE-COLONIAL INDIAN IMAGI-NATION 22. MAKING OF THE INDIAN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 23. SEGMENTING THE SUPRASEGMENTALS : MUSICKING IN SPEAKING 24. INTERPRETING GENETIC STRUCTURE BY DEPLOYING LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE 25. GLOTTOPOLITICS OF LINGUISTIC SUBALTERNITY OR AN AGENDA FOR PLANNING FROM BELOW 26. SEMIOTICS OF PHOTOGRAPHY 27. SOCIOLOGY OF CONTEMPORARY ACADEMICS
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