January 18, 2007
Tepantar .Vol. V (pp.141-66) Kolkata: Sanhati
This paper discusses three types (excluding the fourth one introduced by Abhinavagupta) of sleeping as depicted in Mandyukoponisad in connection with the three states or gradations of falsehood. The author of the paper follows kalidas Bhattacharyay’s commentary in this regard.
What is to be mentioned here that there here are four types of “languages” in association with the sleeping/waking states: baikhari (speaking in waking-state[jagrat] with arbitrary ephemeral epi-phenomenal utilitarian sign-systems, falsest state), madhyama (speaking in falser dream-state or svapnavastha), pasyanti (unspeaking in a deepest sleeping-state or susupti; false-state) and paravak (‘para’ means ‘beyond’ and ‘vak’ is speaking); this transcendental unspoken and unspeakable zone is to be achieved by practicing certain formal or non-formal techniques to be found within the body. It is neither true nor false, but we cannot describe it by means of baikhari, madhyama etc. It is something “beyond” logos and not related to “God” per se. Supreme God is perceived in deep dreaming, i.e., a false state). At this level, silenceme would gulp down non-silenceme. What is to be mentioned here is that the different body-parts and channels within the corporeal are related to these four states of (non-/) speeches.
The ultimate goal is to achieve such paravak with the help of our own body without deploying any formal method. Cessation of desired labor is to be desired here—a typical non-contradictory contradiction or aporia. Subject-object-merger occurs with identity in difference as small i is (not) merged with the big I. However, we have to “return” to the practical world after achieving that (….) for the sake of “lokosamgraha” (roughly speaking, social commitment/engagement). We have to tell the stories of paravak, supposed meta-zone of silenceme, by means of subtle baikhari to other. Thus the problem of karma (work/labor and its subsequent divisions: pravritti, nivritti, sakam, niskam– the work with desire and non-desire)is also discussed here.
Downloadable document is in Bengali.
[For better understanding of this paper cf. SSRN abstracts: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2080774, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2040442, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2019457%5D
Number of Pages in PDF File: 15
Keywords: three states or gradations of falsehood, baikhari (speaking in waking-state[jagrat] with arbitrary ephemeral epi-phenomenal utilitarian sign-systems, falsest state), madhyama (speaking in falser dream-state or svapnavastha), pasyanti (unspeaking in a deepest sleeping-state or susupti; false-state),