কম্পিউটার কি কথা বলবে? Can Computer Speak?

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Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

দেবপ্রসাদ বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়

 Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata

January 19, 2004

Prasanta Chattopadhyay ed. Kalodhoni. XII:2-3 (pp.28-36)

Abstract: 

This paper is a Bangla version of the paper “Computational Linguistics: A Dissenter’s Voice” (SSRN abstract ID http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2015944 ). Therefore the abstract is as same as the English version.

গণকযন্ত্রে ভাষাকে বেঁধে ফেলার প্রয়াসকে বর্তমান প্রাবন্ধিক তথাকথিত প্রকৃতি আর সমাজের পরিপ্রেক্ষিতে বিচার করতে চেয়েছেন; বুঝতে চেয়েছেন এই বিষয়ের রাজনীতিকে–. এজন্য তিনি যেমন কৃত্তিম ধীমত্তার অসম্ভাব্যতার কথা কয়েছেন মূলত গয়েদেল-এর উপপাদ্য আর ফাজি লজিক ধরে তেমনি আবার গ্লোকাল (গ্লোবাল লোকাল) অধিবাস্তবের রাজনীতি ও নৈসর্গিক সমস্যার কথাও পেড়েছেন.

The status of Computational linguistics is questioned here from four perspectives: from the standpoints of philosophy of science, natural science (mismatch between human Cognitive domain and machine algorithms), Social Science Problem (Plurilingual condition and the advent of the simulated hyper-real), Algocentricism (the discourse, which is only controlled or appropriated by the algorithm) in contrast with post-formal subjective and substantive task of Linguistics.

These problems are summarized as follows: Philosophy of science problem there is nothing called ‘pen-paper-card linguistics’, when these tools were used to taxonomize corpus. If computer manipulates linguistic data through the ‘pen-paper-card’ method, is it justified to label it as a separate discipline? Natural science problem, this problem deals with the matching condition between ‘human cognitive domain’ and ‘machine algorithm’ (identity and difference between computer and human being) on the basis of Russell’s paradox and Goedel’s theorem Problem raised by Penrose (1990,1994) and Searle’s Chinese room puzzle. Computer’s halting problem. Fuzziness of natural language (The paper deals with some Bangla usages of numerals, where the status of number one is not always equal to one. The value of this fuzzy one is determined by the context, speakers socio-economic status etc.) Post – formal approach that denies analytical procedures proposed by structuralists (speaking subject perceives language as a whole. Fragmenting language-object by deploying grammatical rules implies understanding symbolic order by means of another (meta-)symbolic order. A binary machine appropriates language-object according its own algorithmic program. It leads to a metonymic transformation of speaking subject as subjects’ non-algorithmic capability is ignored.) Social Science problem: Hyper-real communication through binary machines is a capital-intensive area, but the pluriligual communication system (as it is found in India) needs no such investment as such communication falls within the shadow area of economics. Furthermore, the non-bio-degradability of machines would create a future problem as semi-conductors used in electronic industry contains spurious elements. Problem of algocentricism: The equation ‘man=machine’ leads to a discursive formation that totally depends on the use of technical metaphors (e.g., The terms like ‘Computation’, ‘array’ ‘interface’, ‘parser’ etc or operations like ‘command’, ‘satisfy’, ‘spell out’). All these reflect the metonymic transformation of creative speaking subject as all these functions in uppercase letters make us remember Schank’s (1975) language-free representation (Propel, move, ingest or control, part etc.) which combines primitive conceptual roles and conceptual categories employed to process so-called natural language. All these are not at all metaphors (a case of displacement of algorithmic/non- algorithmic human mind with an algorithmic machine), but these are metonyms, by which the potentialities of human mind are condensed and telescoped.
Downloadable document is in Bangla.

 

Number of Pages in PDF File: 9

Keywords: Keywords: algocentric discourse, artificial intelligence, fuzzy logic, Russell’s paradox, Godel’s theorem, turing machine

Accepted Paper Series 

About Debaprasad Bandyopadhyay

Debaprasad Bandyopdhyay (b. 1965), through his 25 years journey in the realm of institutionalized academics did 27 different types of works, which are someway different from the earlier paradigms or, one might say that those works are not only mere reproductions of his inherited institutionalized cultural capital or a mimicry of a colonially imposed model that leads to intellectual anorexia or rather a type falsification of earlier paradigms. However, that might be not only a lofty claim but it also hid the fact that all our information and knowledge are socially accumulated knowledge that was, it is matter of regret, posed as private property through the sign © and the wisdom is rarely available. Bandyopadhyay’s works and projects are the products of his social milieu. Bandyopadhyay is a local sub-altern public sphere academician, who avoids the technical intelligentsia (followers of Sahib’s models and they are not committed to the persons who are accommodating surplus work-time to them by performing surplus labour) or inorganic intellectuals and thus fails to be a part of academic tribe and its subsequent socialization process. Of course, that socialization process does not lead to legendary Socratic dialogue. He is also a political activist though he has not affiliated to any political parties as he was always talking about the corporatization of political parties within the money-sign-based democratic system. He is a regular participant in TV and radio talk-shows and documentary films, street-corners’ talks and International seminars on socio-political, psychological, linguistic, environmental and economic issues. He also writes editorial columns in newspapers. He is also a part of parallel academics as it is found in West Bengal’s Little Magazine Movement, though that was not counted as the part his academic pursuit by his parent institute. His parent institute justifiably does not believe in the domain of parallel academics as this unorganized sector does not directly contribute in the transactions of formal/organized print capitalist eco-enemy paper-publication. Though the dissemination of knowledge is also observed in this space of these parallel academics as all these writings in public sphere simultaneously influence the classroom-discourse and some of them are translated into English, French and Italian. Not only that, Bandyopadhyay also sought engagement with the people, who, by supplying their surplus labour, are sustaining his livelihood. Bandyopadhyay, a linguist by training and a Ph.D.-holder (1996), a junior lecturer (1999-2011) in an autonomous central government institute in India, tries his best for those from he has received and is receiving the manifestation of surplus labour by executing some self-funded projects on economic issues in West Bengal, India. Recently he has got a consolation promotion to the post of Assistant Professor. He has done following 27 research works: 1. Crippled Creativity: An inquiry into language, psyche, society: 2. VALENCY OF BANGLA VERB AND PROBLEM OF COMPOUND VERBS: 3. Archaeology of Bangla Grammar : 4. CAN COMPUTER SPEAK? 5. FUZZY LOGICAL EXPRESSION IN BANGLA : 6. FOLKLORE AND FOLK-LANGUAGE: MYTH OR REALITY? 7. HISTORICISM IN THE DISCOURSE OF BANGLA LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 8. ABHABA, ECP, DELETION AND TRACE 9. SVATVA OR MY-NESS AND ECONOMIC ENTITLEMEMT 10. TRANSLATION STUDIES 11. MASCULINITY STUDIES 12. YAYATI & BABAR COMPLEX 13. SOCIO-ECONOMIC SURVEYS IN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY IN WEST BENGAL 14. CONCEPT OF BODY IN INDIAN PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE 15. THE CONCEPT OF ERROR (KHYATI) IN MAD-(WO)MEN’S LANGUAGE 16. THE CONCEPT OF PERCEPTUAL TIME AND GRAMMATICAL TIME IN BANGLA 17. BANGLA CALLIGRAPHY, LANGUAGE ART AND LINGUISTIC PEDAGOGY 18. WO(L)D SPACES: NON-EXISTENCE OF WORDS 19. ANEKANTA METHODS 20. SILENCEME: SILENT OTHER IN LINGUISTICS 21. IMAGINED BOUDARIES AND PRE-COLONIAL INDIAN IMAGI-NATION 22. MAKING OF THE INDIAN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 23. SEGMENTING THE SUPRASEGMENTALS : MUSICKING IN SPEAKING 24. INTERPRETING GENETIC STRUCTURE BY DEPLOYING LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE 25. GLOTTOPOLITICS OF LINGUISTIC SUBALTERNITY OR AN AGENDA FOR PLANNING FROM BELOW 26. SEMIOTICS OF PHOTOGRAPHY 27. SOCIOLOGY OF CONTEMPORARY ACADEMICS
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